Missouri v. Jenkins

Missouri v. Jenkins: The First Round

Missouri v. Jenkins: The Second Round

Missouri v. Jenkins: The Third Round

Long-running litigation involving the Kansas City, Missouri, School District (KCMSD) made its way to the U.S. Supreme Court on three occasions. In 1989, the Court decided that the school board could be responsible for attorney fees. In 1990, the Court affirmed that the federal judiciary could require the board to levy property taxes that were sufficient to fund a desegregation remedy. However, in 1995, the Court decreed that lower federal courts exceeded their discretion in mandating a costly desegregation remedy that required the state to pay for salary increases for almost all school personnel and quality education programs.

David L. Dagley

See also Freeman v. Pitts; Milliken v. Bradley; Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education; Segregation, De Jure; White Flight

Legal Citations

  • Freeman v. Pitts, 503 U.S. 467 (1992), on remand, 979 F.2d 1472 (11th Cir. 1992), on remand, 942 F. Supp. 1449 (N.D. Ga. 1996), aff’d, 118 F.3d 727 (11th Cir. 1997). 
  • Milliken v. Bradley I, 418 U.S. 717 (1974). 
  • Milliken v. Bradley II, 433 U.S. 267 (1977). 
  • Missouri v. Jenkins I, 491 U.S. 274 (1989). 
  • Missouri v. Jenkins II, 495 U.S. 33 (1990), subsequent appeal, Jenkins v. Missouri, 949 F.2d 1052 (8th Cir. 1991). 
  • Missouri v. Jenkins III, 515 U.S. 70 (1995); appeal after remand, Jenkins v. Missouri, 103 F.3d 731 (8th Cir. 1997). 
  • Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, 402 U.S. 1 (1971).