McDaniel v. Barresi: Facts of the Case
The school desegregation plan at issue in McDaniel involved reassigning African American students who resided in heavily segregated areas to other school attendance zones, which necessitated that they walk further distances to school or be transported by bus. Opponents contended that the plan violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment by treating students differently based on race, and the plan also violated the Civil Rights Act of 1964, because it required busing students from one school to another school located farther from the students’ residence.
On further review of a judgment from the Supreme Court of Georgia, a unanimous U.S. Supreme Court approved the school board’s student desegregation assignment plan. Reversing in favor of the proponents of the plan, the Court held that it violated neither the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment nor the Civil Rights Act of 1964.